The forklift (a.k.a. lift truck) is one of the most common pieces of equipment in operation today used in many types of material handling applications. As more efficient methods for storing products are implemented and environments become more challenging, there has been increasing need for more maneuverable forklift trucks that can reach greater heights. Often, powered industrial trucks are treated with less respect than they deserve because the danger and complexity of their simple operation can be deceptive.
- Lessons 1 and 2 explain basic hazards, safety features, major components, common characteristics, configurations and the controls of the machine and their function.
- Lesson 3 covers the relationship between the machine geometry and operational dynamics, a crucial foundation for maximizing machine stability. It also explains the center of gravity, the "stability triangle" and contributing factors which affect it, as well as how to improve stability when maneuvering, lifting and transporting a load.
- Lesson 4 helps trainees to locate and identify the forklift data plate, describe what information it contains, explains why this information is important, and shows how to interpret and apply this information in making task and load decisions. Based upon that, it helps trainees better understand the limitations of the machine.
- Lesson 5 explains the operator's responsibility to be adequately trained and qualified, and to be aware of the environment or workplace where the machine will be operated. This lesson helps trainees develop the skills needed to operate the forklift safely in common workplace scenarios. It covers how to perform a thorough pre-use inspection and the proper procedure to safely refuel or recharge the machine. It then describes how to perform a range of tasks. Emphasis is placed on knowing risks, environmental factors, how to avoid a tip-over, and what precautions to take if hazards are encountered.
- Lesson 6 covers some of the more common operating techniques used in day-to-day activities. It discusses how to assess and deal with problematic loads, plus handling, transport and placement of materials. Trainees will learn about working conditions and the limitations of the machine to which they must pay attention. It also summarizes best practices, including proper roading procedures, stopping, shutting down, and parking of a typical forklift.