Extractive Metallurgy 2 - Beneficiation, Extraction and Metallurgical Processes

Areas of Study: Mineral Processing

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This course is the second in a series of two courses on extractive metallurgy. It covers the scope of mineral beneficiation, extractive processes, and the theory of metallurgical processes.


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  • Audience Level:
  • Professional
  • Enrollment:
  • Required
  • Duration:
  • 11 hours

Course Summary


Beneficiation, Extraction and Metallurgical Processes is the second of two courses on extractive metallurgy by the author, written for university students as well as practicing engineers and metallurgists. Extractive metallurgy deals with ores as raw material and metals as finished products. Metallurgy has been transformed into a modern science as a result of developments in chemistry and chemical engineering. This series of courses is an introduction to the subject based in part on a course offered by the American Chemical Society under the title Metallurgical Chemistry.

The full series includes...

  • Metals, Ore Deposits and Minerals
  • Beneficiation, Extraction and Metallurgical Processes
Beneficiation, Extraction and Metallurgical Processes covers liberation and separation of minerals, extractive processes including pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, electrometallurgy, and the theory of metallurgical processes including oxidation and reduction, hydration and hydrolysis, and the energetics and kinetics of reactions.


The course comprises 11 learning sessions, each of approximately 60 minutes duration, plus supporting figures, tables, images, references and appendices, and interactive reviews that confirm achievement of the learning objectives. The total duration of the course is estimated at 11 hours.

Learning Outcomes

  • Identify and discuss the principles of mineral beneficiation and the techniques available for liberation and separation of minerals.
  • Identify and discuss the principles and application of pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical and electrometallurgical extractive processes.
  • Identify and discuss the theory of metallurgical processes, including the energetics and kinetics of the reactions involved and the importance of oxidation and reduction.

Recommended Background

  • First year university level physics and chemistry.

Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi is Professor Emeritus of Extractive Metallurgy at Laval University in Quebec City. He holds a B.Sc. degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Cairo (1949), a Dr. techn. degree in Inorganic Chemical Technology from the University of Technology in Vienna (1959), and Dr.Sc. h.c. from the Saint Petersburg Mining Institute in Russia (1993). He was a postdoctoral fellow at the Department of Chemistry, University of Vienna (1959 - 1960), then he held the Canadian Government Scholarship in Ottawa (1960 - 1962), taught at Montana College of Mineral Science & Technology (1964 - 1967), then worked at the Extractive Metallurgical Research Department of Anaconda Company in Tucson, Arizona before joining Laval in 1970. In 1998 he was named a Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy, and Petroleum and in 1999 he received its silver medal. He is an Honorary Professor at the Technical University of Oruro in Bolivia, Honorary Citizen of the city of Oruro, Governor at the Fondation de l'Université Laval, and Member of Le Cercle des Ambassadeurs in Québec City.

He has published 75 research papers, 110 review articles, 120 historical articles, over 130 trip reports, 15 technical reports, over 120 book reviews, and holds 4 patents.